Billfish Photos

Pacific Sailfish, Black, Blue & Striped Marlin

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The term billfish refers to a group of predatory fish characterized by prominent bills, or rostra, and by their large size; some are longer than 4 m (13 ft). Billfish include sailfish and marlin, which make up the family Istiophoridae, and swordfish, the sole member of the family Xiphiidae. They are apex predators that feed on a wide variety of smaller fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods.

These pelagic's are highly migratory. They are found in all oceans, although they usually inhabit tropical and subtropical waters; swordfish are found in temperate waters, as well. Billfish use their long spears or sword-like upper beaks to slash at and stun prey during feeding. Their bills can also be used to spear prey, and have been known to spear boats (probably accidentally), but they are not normally used in that way. They are highly valued as gamefish by sports fishermen.

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